How to Secure Your Mac Against Cybersecurity Threats
There’s an age-old misconception in the PC security scene, the one that suggests that Apple computers are immune from cybersecurity threats. This mistaken belief persists even today, and the repercussions are potentially devastating. As a result, some macOS users have a false sense of security as far as their computers go. They have confidence that they don’t need to worry about malware, data breaches, phishing, etc.
However, that can’t be further from the truth. Today, macOS devices are just as— if not more — likely to be targeted in an attack as Windows PCs. Macs are also vulnerable to malware, phishing, Wi-Fi attacks. A recent study into the state of malware showed that macOS threats outpaced Windows 2 to 1 in 2019. It’s time for mac users to start taking charge of their cybersecurity.
As a mac user, here are a few things you can do to ensure that your device and files stored on it are secure.
Manage Privacy Settings
The first thing you need to do is take control of your privacy settings. Go to Apple menu > System Preferences > Security & Privacy on your Mac to manage the information your device makes available to third parties over the internet or across your network. Adjust preferences on how your Mac handles location.
When enabled, the firewall will block unwanted traffic and keep your Mac secure. Many Mac users think that this functionality is enabled out of the box, but that’s not always the case. Navigate to System Preferences > Security & Privacy window and click the Firewall tab to enable the firewall.
Connect to the web via a Virtual Private Network (VPN) to reduce your digital footprint online. A VPN hides your IP address and encrypts your internet traffic to ensure that your online sessions remain private and anonymous. A VPN on your Mac ensures that data going through your device is encrypted and private.
Enable Two-Factor Authentication
Protect your Apple ID by activating two-factor authentication. 2-FA requires your password and a six-digit verification code to grant access to your Apple ID. Apple will only send this code to a recognized iOS or Mac device. Two-Factor Authentication introduces an extra layer of security for your Apple ID and keeps hackers from getting into your device even if they have your password.
Encryption is one of the best ways to protect sensitive data. macOS comes with built-in encryption software known as FileVault to prevent hackers from stealing valuable data from your logged-on Mac. FileVault encrypts all the data in your user account, which helps you keep sensitive data safe and secure. You will be prompted to re-enter your password to unlock your files.
As stated earlier in the article, macOS devices are also vulnerable to viruses, Trojans, worms, ransomware, and other types of malware. Mac users can no longer rely on built-in security to protect against increasingly sophisticated malware. Install antivirus software on your Mac to defend against malware attacks.
There are over 1.5 billion PCs around the world. Compared to 100 million active Mac and iMac users globally, it’s easy to see why hackers would be more attracted to the Windows platform as a target. But macOS market share has been growing steadily, and with it, cybercriminals’ appeal for the macOS platform as a potential target. Mac users need to start taking the necessary measures to protect themselves.